Top K Hypotheses Selection on a Knowledge Graph

Abstract

A Knowledge Graph (KG), popularly used in both industry and academia, is an effective representation of knowledge. It consists of a collection of knowledge elements, each of which in turn is extracted from the web or other sources. Information extractors that use natural language processing techniques or other complex algorithms are usually noisy. That is, the vast number of knowledge elements extracted from the web may not only be associated with different confidence values but may also be inconsistent with each other. Many applications such as question answering systems that are built on top of large-scale KGs are required to reason efficiently about these confidence values and inconsistencies. In addition, they are required to incorporate ontological constraints in their reasoning. One way to do this is to extract a subgraph of a KG that is consistent with the ontological constraints and is of maximum total confidence value. Such a subgraph is referred to as the top hypothesis and is combinatorially hard to find. In this paper, we introduce an algorithmic framework for efficiently addressing the combinatorial hardness and selecting the top K hypotheses. Our approach is based on powerful algorithmic techniques recently invented in the context of the Weighted Constraint Satisfaction Problem (WCSP).

Publication
In Proceedings of the Thirty-Second International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference
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Kexuan Sun
PhD student

My research interests are mainly on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Constraint Programming, and some other subfields of Artificial Intelligence (AI).